Arthropods Ecosystem Balance

Arthropods Ecosystem Balance belong to the oldest group of invertebrates and show an unusually high diversity. Therefore we know Arthropoda as a phylum that has the largest species members in the animal kingdom, which is around 75-80%. They  found from the arctic region to the equator. In high altitudes such as at sea, land and air.

Therefore the role of arthropods has a very important role in the balance of the ecosystem. Examples of Arthropod Animals Arthropods are divid into four major groups, Uniramia, Crustacea, Chelicerata and Trilobites. However, the Trilobites were already extinct in the Paleozoic.

1. Uniremia

Animals belonging to this group are arthropods that live in the sea and on land. Myriapods belong to this group and have existed on earth since the carbon age. Myriapoda we also know by the name of the millipede. They have an elongated body shape. Their bodies are segment, each having a different number of walking legs.

Myriapoda is divid into four subclasses, namely centipedes (Chilopoda), double legs (Diplopoda), many legs (Pauropoda) and dwarf legs (Symphyla). An example of a Myriapoda type of arthropod animal is the centipede which lives in moist air and prefers humus-rich and less dense forest soil. Apart from Myriapoda, insects or insects are includ in this group. Insects have produced the greatest diversity of land-living species.

2. Crustaceans

A second major group of arthropods, the Crustaceans, have appeared since the Cambrian. Crustaceans are a group that has more than 45 thousand species. Most of these species live in marine areas, but also in fresh water. In addition, there are also crustaceans that live on land (especially Isopoda) and some of these groups also live parasitically and have strong adaptability (Copepoda species). The largest forms of this group are lobsters and crabs.

3. Chelicerata

Chelicerata includes more than 40,000 species and have lived since the carbon age. Among the largest living species, for example, the genus Limulus reaches a length of 60 cm. Meanwhile, the smallest is almost 1mm in size, among which are species of mites. Most of these species are predators and some of them include arachnids such as spiders.

The Role of Arthropods in Ecosystem Balance

Insects and Various Arthropods, you certainly know the role of Arthropods as predators, pollinators, fruvigor and decomposers in ecosystems. Therefore they have an important ecological function.Insect species, for example, are a staple food for many animals such as mice, bugs or frogs. The lives of other creatures will be threaten if they can no longer find enough food. In its role as a decomposer, arthropod animals carry out a cycle of material transformation in an ecosystem.

An example is the insects that live in the soil, they help decompose leaves and wood and break down the excrement of other animals. With this role they have a positive impact on soil fertility and the availability of clean water. Without the arthropod beasts, the balance cycle would collapse. In addition, insects also have an invaluable value for human nutritional needs. They have an important role in the pollination process for fruit and vegetable cultivation. As humans, we must ensure the survival of arthropod animals.

Experts blame several factors for the death of insects such as the loss of their living habitat due to increased settlements and also the expansion of the traffic area. Another factor is pollution and includes the use of pesticides in agriculture. The existence of monoculture farming reduces their food supply. The use of fertilizers also increases nitrate levels in the water and soil, which is harmful to all insects adapted to nutrient-poor environments. These pesticides not only kill pests, but also other insect species and their habitats.

In intensive agriculture, the diversity of flowering plants also lost due to frequent cutting. Grasslands that are often mow and even lost also cause loss of insect habitat. Introducing animal species to children can help them understand the workings of the natural environment and shape them into individuals who love other living things and care about the environment.