What Reptile Lighting Needs

What Reptile Lighting Needs : Reptiles and amphibians are quickly becoming the largest non-dog and feline pet group in the United States. We are often asked about this lighting for pets and it seems like a lot of people really don’t know what lighting needs for their pets are.

Metabolic Bone Disease and stress are the two leading causes of ill health and, ultimately, death in pet reptiles and amphibians. Both may be caused by inadequate lighting from the pet’s house. There are many different types of lighting and it is important to research the needs of the species you are keeping. The terms that will be discussed here include photoperiod, heat, UVA rays and UVB rays.

Different species of reptiles and amphibians have different periods of activity during the day. Some are active during the day (diurnal), some are active at night (nocturnal) and some are active at dawn and dusk (crepuscular). It is usually unwise to mix this group in one cage unless sophisticated lighting arrangements can be made. . maintained. All reptiles need a proper photoperiod or day and night cycle to stimulate their normal activity patterns.

Animals that do not have the proper photoperiod become stressed and most often deteriorate to poor health and eventually die. There are special lamps in the pet market to provide light day or night. The nocturnal red light not only helps the reptile in promoting normal activity, but also allows the owner to easily observe its activity.

Reptiles and amphibians are known as ectotherms, animals that must move in and out of heat to maintain their body temperature. Lighting can be the main source of heat in a terrarium. Pet reptiles need a temperature gradient to provide a higher heat source and a place to escape the heat when they … Read more

Medical Significance of the Class Arachnida Arthropoda

Medical Significance of the Class Arachnida Arthropoda : The class Arachnida is a group of more than 100,000 species, including spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites. Most arachnids are adapted to kill prey with poison, stingers, or fangs. Like crustaceans, arachnids have a body that is divided into a cephalothorax and abdomen.

On the cephalothorax there are 4 pairs of legs, a pair of Chelicerae, and a pair of appendages called the pedipalps. The pedipalps help chew; in some species the pedipalps are specialized to perform other functions. Arachnids undergo incomplete metamorphosis. The class Arachnida includes 3 orders of medical importance:

1. Order the Scorpion
2. Order Araneae (spiders)
3. Order Acari (fleas and mites)


Scorpions are a group of arachnids whose pedipalps are modified into pincers. Scorpions use these pincers to handle their food and tear it apart. The scorpion’s venomous sting is used primarily to electrocute its prey and less often to defend itself. The sting is located in the terminal segment of the body, which is slender towards the tip.

The scorpion’s elongated, jointed belly is its trademark; in most chelicerates, the abdominal segments are more or less fused together and appear as a single unit. Adults of this arachnid order range in size from 1 to 18 centimeters. There are about 1,200 species of scorpion, all terrestrial, living around the world, although they are common in the tropics, subtropics, and deserts.

The mating of scorpions is complicated, with the spermatophores fixed to the substrate by the male and then taken up by the female. The young are born alive, with 1 to 95 in a given liter. Scorpions differ from spiders in two ways. Scorpions have very large pedipalps, which they hold in a forward position.

They also have a large stinger in the last segment … Read more

Basic Commands for Training Puppies

Basic Commands for Training Puppies : Everything in life needs to grow and develop. This also applies to our relationships. This also applies to our relationships with our dogs.

Whether you just got your furry best friend and want to plant the seeds of a harmonious long term friendship, or you’ve been living together for a while, and want to take your relationship to the next level, we all need guidance sometimes. And just as you go to a specialist if you want more from your relationship with your partner, you will go to a dog training school if you need to improve your relationship with your dog.

The question is, how do you find a good specialist? Now, if you feel unwell, you should go to a GP. But what if you have a toothache? I bet you would go to the dentist instead! Same with dog training.

First you need to decide if you want to practice general obedience, aggression, separation anxiety, or maybe you want to take a therapy dog ​​training or a protective dog training course. And then you should read on because we made a list of local hidden gems in the San Diego area that specialize in the kind of dog training class you want!

Now, what kind of dog training school are we going to see?

Dog Obedience Training

Aggressive Dog Training

Guard Dog Training or Guard Dog Training

Behavior Modification Dog Training – Dog Separation Anxiety Training

Therapy Dog Training

Service Dog Training

We’ll also look at training types such as dog training camps, group classes, home dog training, and online dog training.

All of these gems have 5 star ratings on Yelp, lots of happy clients and they are local businesses, often family owned, so you can make great friends among … Read more

What You Need to Know About CATS

What You Need to Know About CATS


Cat Basic Info

2.1. Communication

2.2. Adaptability

2.3. Sense

2.3.1 Hearing

2.3.2 Display

2.3.3 Smell

2.3.4 Tasting

2.3.5 Feelings

2.4. Behavior

2.5. Breeding

Popular Name
Carriers and Crate
What Makes Cats So Loving


The question of whether cat love is real or not may seem silly to those who don’t own cats. Dogs can claim the title of being man’s best friend, but anyone who has ever lived with a cat knows that they are too great to be friends with. However, some might argue that those who own cats apply human characteristics to non-human entities.

Well, those who argue that all animals care for their young simply out of instinct clearly don’t spend time with cats. This article contains helpful information about cats, along with anything you might want to know to help you and your precious cat live together.



Cat communication has many variations of vocalizations. They consist of meowing, purring, hissing, growling, roaring and grunting. Cats have feline pheromones and a number of body languages ​​too.


Like other felids, cats have a similar anatomy. They are very strong with quick reflexes, flexible bodies, sharp retractable claws, and extremely sharp teeth adapted for killing small prey such as mice.



Cats are known to have extraordinary senses. The cat’s outer earmuffs pick up sound from all directions, which then travel down the ear canal to the eardrum. After sound vibrates in the eardrum, the middle ear converts the vibrations into sound waves and sends them to the cat’s cochlea and finally to the brain.

A cat can hear from twenty hertz to about 65,000 hertz. Since cats respond more readily to high tones than to low tones, … Read more